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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-22

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in psoriatic arthritis compared with psoriasis: a cross-sectional study in a South Indian population

1 Department of Dermatology, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Neema Mohammed Ali
Flat no 402, Sundari Apartments, Shivabagh, Kadri, Mangalore 575001, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-6530.162226

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Objective The objective of this study was to assess and compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with psoriasis (PsO) and in those with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Materials and methods This was a cross-sectional study with no follow-up and was performed among outpatients attending the speciality clinics of an institutional tertiary referral centre. A consecutive sample of 100 patients with PsO was included in the study. Height, weight, BMI, blood pressure and waist circumference of patients were measured at the time of enrolment. Venous samples were taken after 8 h of overnight fasting for the estimation of serum cholesterol, triglycerides and plasma glucose levels. Results MetS was seen in 62.9% (17) of patients with PsO and in 32.8% of patients with PsA. This difference was statistically highly significant (P < 0.001). Conclusion MetS is common in Asian Indian patients with PsA than in patients with cutaneous PsO only.

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