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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-48

Eczema herpeticum in a child: management challenges in a resource-constraint setting

Consultant Paediatrician, Fellow of the National Postgraduate College of, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim Aliyu
Department of Paediatrics, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital/Bayero University, Kano, 700001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejdv.ejdv_23_18

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Eczema, which is also known as atopic dermatitis (AD), is a chronic relapsing inflammatory disorder of the skin. It has immunologic basis, and those with asthma and hay fever have a 30–50% risk of developing AD. It occurs worldwide with a varying prevalence, depending on the area of study. AD destroys the protective function of the skin, predisposing to skin infections. This results from alteration of the physical barrier function of the stratum corneum, therefore disrupting its innate immune function; it also alters the skin microbiome. Among other infections is the risk of disseminated herpes simplex type 1 called eczema herpeticum; this is a dermatologic emergency, which if not diagnosed early and promptly treated may result in severe complications. Therefore, the case of a 3-year-old boy with background AD who developed superimposed herpes simplex infection is reported.

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