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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-121

Efficacy of combination therapy with microneedling and topical latanoprost 0.005% in treatment of acrofacial vitiligo: a randomized controlled trial

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Egypt
2 General Administration of Medical Affairs, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Marwa Mohamed
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejdv.ejdv_41_22

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Back ground Acrofacial vitiligo (AFV) represents a therapeutic challenge for dermatologists. Aim and objectives To investigated the efficacy of microneedling (MN) and topical latanoprost (LT) 0.005% in the treatment of AFV. Patients and methods A total of 72 patients with AFV were divided into two groups. Group A (n=36) received topical LT 0.005% twice daily, preceded by MN sessions at 2-week intervals, for a total duration of 12 weeks. Group B (n=36) received topical LT 0.005% alone for 12 weeks. Participants were evaluated by vitiligo area and severity index (VASI) at 2-week intervals for 12 weeks, and at 12 weeks after stopping the treatment. Results In group A, 12-week VASI [0.45 (0.18, 0.64)] was significantly lower than the baseline VASI [0.5 (0.21, 0.67); P=0.003]. In group B, the 12-week VASI was the same as the baseline VASI [0.43 (0.25, 1)]. Repigmentation was achieved in 18/36 (50%) of patients in group A and 0/36 (0.0%) in group B. Repigmentation was rated as excellent in 2/36 (5.56%), very good in 2/36 (5.56%), good in 4/36 (11.12%), and fair in 10/36 (27.76%) of the cases. Conclusion Combined therapy with MN and topical LT 0.005% resulted in variable degrees of repigmentation in 50% of patients with AFV.

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